I don’t like bullying. But I really hated seeing a classmate of mine with acne on her face. I know her suffering when this skin condition clogs the pores of the skin. resulting in blackheads, whiteheads and other types of pimples, How painful it is when it is filled with pus.
In this research, I will try to talk about this unpleasant phenomenon in most girls. as well as young men, So what is acne? What are its types?
Types of acne:
There are several types of acne including
Fungal acne (folliculitis)
Fungal acne occurs when yeast builds up in your hair follicles. Which causes inflammation and annoying itching.
Cystic acne causes pustules and deep, pus-filled nodules that can cause scarring.
Hormonal acne affects adults who have sebum production that clogs their pores.
It is a severe form of acne that causes blisters on the surface of your skin and tender lumps under the skin.
All of these forms of acne can affect your self-esteem. Both cystic and nodular acne can lead to permanent skin damage in the form of scarring.
Therefore, it is best to seek medical help early from your health care provider so that he or she can determine the best treatment options for you.
Types of pimples:
If you suffer from acne, you may notice a mixture of pimples. Whiteheads and blackheads are the most common types of pimples.
Blackheads or open pimples
open to the surface of your skin, The oxygen in the air gives the upper part of these blisters a darker appearance.
Whiteheads or closed pimples
They form as raised bumps under the surface of the skin. to remain flesh-colored.
Inflammatory lesions most likely to cause scarring of the skin:
Papules: These are small, red, raised bumps. They are caused by infected or inflamed hair follicles.
Pustules: These small red bumps contain pus at the edges.
Achilles: This hard, painful lump often forms below the surface of the skin.
Cysts: These large lumps under the skin contain pus and are usually painful.
What are the symptoms of acne?
Some people think that acne is specific to the face. However, on the contrary, these pimples may appear in the neck, behind the shoulders, and in the chest. Pimples can give your skin a rough, uneven texture.
Complications of acne:
With acne, skin discoloration may occur. including dark spots (or hyperpigmentation) and redness, This may be accompanied by swelling, inflammation and pain, and the matter may develop into scars or change the color of your skin.
Disaster begins when a pimple pops, which increases the number of scars, so avoid stress, no matter how tempting it may be to get rid of the pimple right away.
What causes acne?
Acne occurs when your skin pores become clogged with oil, dead skin, or bacteria.
Every pore of your skin opens to a follicle.
The follicle consists of a hair and a sebaceous (oil) gland.
The sebaceous gland secretes sebum (oil), which travels through the hair, exits the follicle, and reaches your skin.
Sebum helps keep your skin moisturized and smooth.
One or more accidents in this lubrication process can contribute to acne.
Acne, for example, may occur when your follicles produce too much oil
Dead skin cells build up in your pores Bacteria build up in your pores
Any of these concerns can lead to pimples. It occurs when bacteria thrive in clogged pores and the oil cannot escape.
Methods of treating acne:
The right treatment for you depends on your individual situation. If you have mild to moderate acne like whiteheads or blackheads, It should be relatively easy to treat. However, if you have cystic or inflammatory acne, it may be more difficult to treat. Cystic acne is one or more large, painful, red cysts under the surface of the skin
Your doctor or dermatologist can help you figure out what type of acne you have.
You can also see the article: Sea water and freshness of the skin.
Possible for many people with acne or mild pimples, Manage their condition through lifestyle changes.
. Oil is a major cause of acne. So it is important to keep your face clean and keep your hair out of it. Especially if your hair tends to be greasy.
. Accumulation of oils from your hair and face on your bed. Changing your pillowcase daily or weekly can help prevent this buildup. Wash your face two to three times a day with lukewarm water and a gentle, non-abrasive cleanser. Sea water can be used for greater benefit.
. Do not rub your skin vigorously. This could worsen your condition further.
. Also try not to use skin care products that can be irritating. such as perfumed lotions or oily make-up, Choose moisturizers or sunscreens labeled non-comedogenic. This means that the product will not clog pores.
These adjustments can go a long way. In helping you get rid of mild acne, If you need something a little stronger, Your doctor may also suggest: Use of topical or oral medications.
Topical medications are lotions, gels, and creams that you put on your skin. You usually apply a thin layer to your skin in the morning and before bed after washing your face. Some are available without a prescription, while others require a prescription.
– Over the counter acne products contain, Usually containing the active ingredient salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide, these substances reduce the amount of oil your body produces. It also fights inflammation. These effects help treat existing blemishes and prevent new blemishes from forming.
–Prescription topical medications can help when over the counter products aren’t strong enough. Acne creams or gels may contain tretinoin (a retinoid medicine that comes from vitamin A), a stronger version of benzoyl peroxide, or an antibiotic called clindamycin. These medications may do a better job of killing bacteria when acne is moderate to severe.
Oral medications for acne are also called systemic treatments because they are absorbed throughout the body. They are only available with a prescription from your doctor. These medications are most commonly used to treat moderate to severe acne that does not respond to topical agents. The three types of systemic medications used to treat acne include:
Your doctor may prescribe a daily antibiotic pill, such as tetracycline. It can help fight bacteria and infection from the inside out, Antibiotics are commonly used in combination with topical medications when gels and creams alone aren’t improving your condition.
2. Contraceptive pills
Regulating hormone levels can help improve acne in some women. However, Birth control pills should not be used during pregnancy. if you are pregnant, Ask your doctor what you can do to prevent breakouts.
Isotretinoin is a powerful medicine in the retinoid family that reduces the size of the sebaceous glands so they make less oil. It also helps in regulating the renewal of skin cells so that the cells do not prevent the release of bacteria and excess oils from the pores.
Isotretinoin is mostly reserved for people with severe cystic acne.
Your doctor may prescribe it when other acne medications don’t work.
However, the side effects can be severe. So it is not for everyone.
Acne treatment procedures:
Although not commonly prescribed as a drug, Certain medical procedures can be used to treat severe acne. All of these procedures can usually be done in your doctor’s office.
They may be painful and in some cases cause scarring. It is not always covered by health insurance plans. You must be sure that your health insurance will cover these procedures before you select them.
Drainage and extraction
during the discharge and extraction, Your doctor manually drains the large cysts. that form under the skin. They remove fluid, dirt, pus and dead skin inside the cyst. To reduce infection and pain. Your doctor may inject antibiotics or steroids into the cyst to speed healing and reduce the risk of scarring.
Laser therapy may also help improve acne infections. The laser light helps reduce the amount of bacteria on your skin that cause acne.
Chemical peels and dermabrasion
Chemical peels and microdermabrasion remove the top layer of your skin. in the process, Whiteheads and blackheads are also removed.
To prevent acne, dear, try these tips:
It is not always possible to completely prevent acne. But you can take certain steps at home to help reduce your chances of developing pimples or acne.
Wash your face daily with an oil-free cleanser.
Try an over-the-counter acne cleanser to help remove excess oil.
Use water-based cosmetics or products labeled non-comedogenic – this means they are less likely to clog pores.
Avoid skin care and makeup products that contain oils.
Always make sure to remove makeup and cleanse your skin well before going to sleep.
Take a shower or wash your face after exercising.
Tie your long hair back to keep it away from your face.
Avoid tight hats, headbands, and clothing that covers areas prone to breakage.
– eat a well-balanced diet, And stay hydrated.
Take steps to reduce stress.
A dermatologist can provide more advice and guidance on managing and preventing acne.
Acne remains an obsession for all teenage girls until the beginning of their twenties, and it may have continued for more than that, and it has many causes other than hormonal ones, but by paying attention to personal hygiene and consulting a doctor, we can avoid this, perhaps with medicines and chemical compounds, or by other methods such as using lasers, and we do not forget peeling and cleaning To remove scars, accumulated skin, and pus, and to remain careful and cautious among the most important things that make you, my dear, preserve the softness and splendor of your skin.
The most beautiful of faces is the one whose skin is like the skin of children, smooth, moist and splendid. In general, you should not be affected by the psychological state that may make you shy and hesitant when your thin face is filled with annoying scars. Just follow the advice I gave here. Wishing you lasting health and a bright smile, May you be well.
Written by: Siba Babi